We may say of angling as Dr. Boteler said of strawberries: "Doubtless God could have made a better berry, but doubtless God never did."
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Strawberries (Frangaria):This member of the rose family is not a true berry at all, since it carries its tiny seeds on the outside of its flesh, not within its tissue. Its name probably derives from the way it grows--originally called strewberry because of the way it's "strewn" over the ground.
Romans were known to relish wild strawberries. Then, in the 1700s, a hybrid was developed between Frangaria chiloensis, the Chilean pine, and Frangaria virginiana (the Scarlet Virginian) that essentially became the modern strawberry. Of the latter, which was mentioned first in Massachusetts in 1621, one colonist in Maryland wrote, "We cannot set down a foot but we tread on strawberries."
Alpine strawberries (Frangaria vesca semperflorens), by contrast, grow in clumps and were native to Europe north of the Alps. They were unknown to ancient Greeks; barely mentioned by Romans and early medieval writers; but were greatly popular in England ifrom the 13th century onward.
Blueberries (Vaccinium myrtillus):Although considered a traditional American and Canadian fruit (and these two countries supply 95% of the world supply), blueberries (aka, huckleberries or whortleberries) are native to Europe and found on heaths and moors in acid soils.
Cranberries (Vaccinium oxycoccus/macrocarpon)
One of those amazing edibles that grew from earliest times in both the old and new worlds. Chef and cookbook writer Liz Clark and her colleague James W. Baker have come out with a marvelous book on "new world" cranberries, Cranberry Companion that I recommend particularly for recipes. I have much research left to do for a balanced entry on these berries, but would like to add entries on the "old world" part from Andrew Kachugin, Russian geologist and businessman, who has been kind enough to forward me the following information:
1. In Large Soviet Encyclopaedia 1978 there is only a small article. It
says there are four species of evergreen halfbushes belonging to Vaccinia
genus. Two of them grow in USSR. (That probably means that other species
live in America.) In North America there is some cranberry "in culture".
And there is no such thing in the USSR. Also it is noted that consuming the
berry strengthens action of antibiotics and other medications.